The Disciples’ Exam

The Story #25

Matthew 16:13-20

Matthew 16:13-20 When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”

14 So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18 And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. 19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”

20 Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ.

The Story

Background

Preliminary Question

Who do people say that I am?

John the Baptist

Elijah

Jeremiah

Prophet

He was considered a prophet or a forerunner, but not the Messiah

Primary Question

Who do you say that I am?

The disciples had spent about 2 ½ years observing Jesus

People were becoming disenchanted because they did not understand the real reason that Jesus came

Peter’s Answer

“You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God”

The Core

Jesus Claimed to be God

John 10:30 “I and My Father are one.”

The Jews Understood His Claim

Jesus was crucified because of who He claimed to be, not because of what He did

Jesus Demonstrated His Deity

John 20:30-31 And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

The Necessity of His Deity

He had to be God:

To be a perfect sacrifice for our sins

To provide victory over sin and death

 

“A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher.  He would either be a lunatic – on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg – or else he would be the devil of hell.  You must take your choice.  Either this was, and is, the Son of God; or else a madman or something worse.  You can shut Him up for a fool … or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God.  But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher.  He has not left that open to us.”  C.S. Lewis

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